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How Antibiotics Affect Babies and Pregnant Women


We know that antibiotics are in some cases necessary. But in certain circumstances, its use must be specially controlled by a doctor. This is the case of pregnant women and nursing mothers. In both cases, some antibiotics can have harmful effects on the baby.

We explain how antibiotics affect babies and pregnant women and what precaution should you take when consuming them.

Antibiotics can affect the baby's intestinal flora. Hence the importance of controlling its consumption during pregnancy. And that is why many drugs and antibiotics include a specific section in their leaflets where we can read: 'If you are pregnant, consult your doctor or specialist'.

Most of the time, the main problem with some antibiotics is that they not only affect the vaginal and intestinal flora of the pregnant mother, but also It can also cause an imbalance in the baby's intestinal flora or microbiota.

But what happens during breastfeeding? Can antibiotics affect the baby too? Or can I use them? Without a doubt, breast milk offers many ingredients that support a baby's immune health. However, some studies have shown that antibiotics can also affect the baby during breastfeeding. Therefore, if a nursing mother requires the consumption of antibiotics, it should always be under the prescription of a doctor or specialist. Why? Because antibiotics can reach the baby and affect the balance of its intestinal flora.

The first months of your baby's life are the ideal time to positively influence the development of the immune system. A healthy immune system will ensure that your baby is better prepared to face the challenges it may encounter.

The development of the baby's immune system is mainly based on a healthy and balanced intestinal flora or microbiota (beneficial bacteria that live in the intestine). Taking antibiotics can affect this balance. The imbalance in the baby's microbiota reduces the levels of beneficial bacteria (eg, bifidobacteria), impairing the development of an adequate immune response.

Remember that antibiotics are sometimes necessary, but other times we 'abuse' them. A cough, a sore throat ... It is true that the use of an antibiotic will speed up the mother's recovery, but at the same time that the antibiotic gets rid of the bad bacteria in the body, it can also affect some of the good ones, with what the intestinal flora will be affected and consequently also the immune system. If antibiotics disrupt the establishment (colonization) of healthy bacteria in the baby's digestive system, it can who is more susceptible to asthma and allergies

This in addition It can cause the baby to develop certain allergies: the imbalance in the baby's microbiota (caused by the mother's intake of antibiotics) impairs the immune response to certain harmful substances. And this is what we know as an allergy, that is, an excessive sensitization to certain substances to which the baby was exposed. Under normal conditions, these substances would not cause any reaction in the baby, but if his immune system was sensitized to them, it will cause an allergic reaction.

It therefore controls 'self-medication' in the case of being pregnant or if you are breastfeeding your baby. Remember that the effects of the antibiotic can reach your child. Therefore, it is necessary that you consult your doctor before taking an antibiotic yourself. Not all are the same and it will be the doctor who can best guide you on which ones you need and are less harmful for you and your baby.

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Video: Is it safe to take antibiotics during 1st trimester of pregnancy? - Dr. Shefali Tyagi (January 2022).