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Child vision. Vision problems in children


Preventing and treating the problems derived from the visual health of children is their main concern. For this reason, he insists that the people who are usually with them must be very attentive to their behavior to detect visual problems early in the childhood. Its early correction will avoid problems in school related to learning, attention and concentration.

We tell you what are the most common vision problems in children.Francisco Daza He is an Optometrist, specialist in Contactology and, currently, director of the Varilux Institute tells us:

How can parents detect a vision problem in their child?
From 4 or 5 years old, the eye is not yet mature and, from then on until twelve, the eye reaches full maturity. We can detect a problem by observing the child, if he sticks a lot to the text, if he adopts strange positions with his head in a sustained way, if he does not have a good choice of colors when painting a little house or a landscape, lack of attention, sticking to the computer screen a lot or acquiring stale postures when writing.

From what age and how often should the child be taken to the ophthalmologist?
Between 3 and 5 years of age, the eye is still in the process of maturing. Before this age it is not easy, even though there are tests to measure visual acuity. But, from the age of 5 or 6, the eye has already acquired its maturity and the child can identify movements, read and facilitate the interpretation of certain projected objects.

What are the main vision problems in children?
They may be refractive or graduation, which include hyperopia, astigmatism, and myopia, accounting for 20 percent of school age. When these visual defects are not well corrected, they lead to other problems such as lazy eye or amblyopia and strabismus.

Do diopters increase in children who are not treated in time?
There is a phenomenon, which is the school myopia by adaptation to the environment. When we do prolonged work in near vision, we have a reflex effect which is that of accommodation to be able to focus on objects at this short distance. If this task is developed in a prolonged way, we can see how the evolution of myopia is evident.

Is it advisable to wear glasses since the visual problem is detected in children?
Yes, wearing corrected vision through glasses is the most convenient right from the start. There are many children hyperopicThanks to having worn the glasses as children, they no longer need them as adults. Glasses are the easiest method to tackle the problem.

From what age can contact lenses be worn?
The contact lens is a perfect alternative to glasses, especially in cases of asymmetries, that is, when there is a difference in prescription between one eye and another. From 6 to 12 years old we could start to adapt a contact lens. Before we could also do it, but from the therapeutic point of view, under very special conditions. For example, if the requirement of certain sports.

What is the most significant advance regarding glasses that children can use?
The greatest advance has been in the materials. We have silicone materials, which allow them to recover their initial shape even when they have been deformed, with wide bridges to adapt to your nose and where the rod is perfectly picking up the pinna so that it does not move.

Is refractive surgery recommended to correct vision problems in children?
Refractive surgery is not recommended for children because at an early age the eye has not reached maturity. It is only indicated in strabismus.

How can we prevent visual problems in children?
Beyond diets and a healthy life, the best prevention is information. People who are continually with them must observe the signs. If a child has a frequent headache and recognizes the pain between the eyes, at the temples or the back of the neck, or winks or, after playing a common game with other children, loses attention or interest soon we are faced with a visual problem.

Do new technologies also affect the visual health of children?
The problem lies in time, which can lead to problems of eyestrain or fatigue, manifested by itching or dry eyes. Every 2 or 3 hours of work on the screen we should have about 10 minutes of rest and this is not fulfilled at all, that is, with more than 2 or 3 other work on the screen we would already be producing visual fatigue.

Marisol New. Copywriter

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