The IUD (intrauterine device) is a very popular contraceptive system. In fact, many women choose this method once they have already become mothers and do not want any more pregnancies.
We explain its peculiarities and when it is most recommended. Solve here all your doubts about the use of the IUD to avoid pregnancy.
Do you know what exactly an IUD is? It is a 99% effective long-lasting reversible method that can only be inserted and removed by a medical professional. It consists of a T-shaped piece, which is inserted inside the uterus and prevents the fertilized ovum from nesting. However, many women have expressed many doubts about the use of the IUD. Solve them here:
1. Who can use this type of contraceptive? This method is suitable for nulliparous women, who have not had children, but it is more suitable for women who have already been mothers. They would be contraindicated in women with undiagnosed bleeding, those with an infection in the uterus (endometritis), pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine malformations, adhesions in the endometrial cavity or STD, ectopic pregnancy, Wilson's disease (impaired copper absorption).
2. Are there several types of IUDs? The answer is yes. There are two types, hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs, the latter are known as copper IUDs, so named because the T-shaped plastic piece is covered by a fine copper wire that activates the contraceptive function since this material hinders the mobility of sperm. Instead the hormonal IUD a hormone acts as a contraceptive. The main difference that exists between one type of IUD and another is the time of use of each one that we will explain later.
Each of the systems is indicated for a different type of need, for example, the hormonal IUD, in addition to being a contraceptive, helps regulate menstruation and reduce bleeding, while on the contrary, the copper IUD can make bleeding becomes heavier at some point.
3. Does it cause any discomfort? To place it, the gynecologist inserts the IUD with the help of a very thin tube through the vagina and cervix until it is perfectly positioned in the uterus. It is a quick procedure (less than 10 minutes) and it is not painful although it may cause some minor discomfort for a few seconds.
Once in place you can lead a normal life but without forgetting to visit your gynecologist for periodic check-ups, at least once a year.
In some women it happens that after inserting an IUD they suffer certain side effects, such as spotting between periods, irregular menstruation, pain, etc. This can happen for a period of between 3 and 6 months.
4. When to change the IUD? As we have already mentioned at the beginning, the IUD is a long-term contraceptive method but its effectiveness is not unlimited, we must change it periodically, when? This depends on the type of IUD used.
Hormonal IUDs usually have an effective period of about 5 years, while copper IUDs can last 10 years but also have a maximum effectiveness of 5 years.
When the replacement date arrives there will be no problem if you want to continue with this method, you just have to replace the old IUD with the new one without having to do any waiting period.
It is not necessary to wait for the maximum time of effectiveness of the IUD to end, you can ask your gynecologist to remove it whenever you want.
5. Will my partner notice? A frequent question is if your partner will notice something during sexual intercourse, the answer to this question is no, in case he noticed something, you should urgently go to your gynecologist, since that would indicate that the IUD is not properly placed. It is important to note that this contraceptive method is one of the most effective but does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
6. Can it be used as emergency contraception? This type of system can also be used as emergency contraception. The copper IUD can be inserted up to 5 days after unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy, and even in these cases, it is still 99% effective. This method is more effective than the morning after pill.
Definitely, it is one of the most used contraceptive methods and more and more women wear it for its comfort, duration and discretion, since no one will know you are wearing it.
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