A large number of children with autism have a scholastic language. This means that their language often becomes mere repetitions of what they hear and that often, without understanding, perhaps due to loudness and poor learning, end up repeating incessantly and no functionality.
I often come across numerous people who ask me about this type of language of children with autism, and it is curious to see how many find it difficult to understand it, perhaps because there is not much information about what it is and how to intervene, perhaps because they have not been able to experience the intervention with a student with these characteristics.
I explain what it consists of the scholastic language of children with autism.
In neurolinguistics and medicine,echolalia (from the Greek "echo" and "speech" or "talk") is a language disturbance in which the subject involuntarily repeats a word or phrase just uttered by someone else in your presence, as an echo. It is a language disorder characterized by the semi-automatic, compulsive and iterative repetition of the words or phrases emitted by the interlocutor and imitating their original intonation.
According to Sigman, M. and Capps, L. 'It is believed that insufficient ability to anticipate what listeners need or want to hear inhibits spontaneous language and it contributes to that repetitive way of speaking, like a parrot, known as echolalia and which is among the most prominent anomalies of young children with autism.
About 80% of all people with verbal autism develop this type of anomaly, and it seems that those who repeat more use less spontaneous language. The more generative language an individual possesses, the less prone he will be to that way of speaking as in an echo. '
On the other hand, 'Uta Frith points out this anomaly as a glaring manifestation of the poor connection between processing systems more peripherals and a central system that deals with meaning. In this way, people with autism, and others who do not fully understand speech, may nevertheless be able to produce it. Furthermore, subjects with autism, who do understand speech, may repeat expressions apparently without communicative purpose.
Indeed, an echo that occurs immediately may be a sign that it has not been achieved record a message. Other researchers have claimed that echolalia represents a Gestalt or holistic method of language processing, such that the repetition of the question "Do you want a cookie?" means yes"
Finally we will clarify that there is two types of echolalia: immediate and suspended. Echolalia immediate It is when a child repeats something they just heard. For example, an adult may ask, “Do you want juice ?,” and the child repeats, “Do you want juice ?,” instead of answering the question.
Echolalia suspended It is when a child repeats something that he heard hours, days, weeks, or even years ago (the child does not repeat words or phrases immediately after hearing them).
Echolalia is a disorder that it has no cure, but it is possible to work to reduce the number of repetitions and their intensity, as well as to achieve better communication whether they are children or adults.
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